The Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology was founded in Rome in 1892. In the history of Italian Orthopaedics we must remember Putti and Delitala, both known all over the world, who first introduced modern Orthopaedics.
Many Italians have provided an important contribution to the growth of the world of Orthopaedics. Among the many, certainly, will be specially remembered: Riccardo Galeazzi, in the 1930’s maximum acknowledgment referring to scoliosis; Oscar Scaglietti, among the first in the world who introduced the method of surgical treatment of disk hernations; Giorgio Monticelli, expert in hip pathology for both children and adults; Mario Campanacci, renowned for his study of tumors of the musculoskeletal system, known worldwide; Giovanni De Bastiani, pioneer of the external fixation and Renato Bombelli, innovator of the biomechanic and hip surgery.
The Italian Orthopaedic School has formed several generations of orthopaedic surgeons from all over the world.
The Association has made great progress especially in the last decades. Many Italian orthopaedic surgeons have acquired international notoriety for their scientific contributions in the most important sectors of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.